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  • Escrito por Cesáreo hace 17 años y 2 meses (02 Ago 2005 16:46)
outraged (v)
Book Context: That it outraged him
Guess Meaning: get crazy
Dictionary Meaning: to make someone feel very anger or shock
My Own: He made a horrendous plan and that travel was a outrage

ousted (v):
B.C: They ... overwhelmingly rose up and ousted him
D.M: to force someone out of a position of power, especially so that you can take their place
M.O: Alonso ousted Mikka Hakkinen in last F1 Grand Prix

livid (adj)
B.C: Indeed, many democrats were livid that Schwarzenegger did noy run on the issues
G.M: worried
D.M: extremely angry
M.O: I was livid when your mother told me that.

grabs (n)
B.C: Right-Wing Power Grabs
D.M: to suddenly try to take hold of something
M.O: He grabed his clothes from my hands.

arise (v)
B.C: Morality and Survival jointly arise from such discipline
G.M: raise up
D.M: if something arises from or out of a situation, event, etc it is caused or started by that situation
M.O: That travel was horrendous and it arose not doing more plans with him.

These definitions are taken from my classmates. They put them in Blackboard Discussion forum.

->The Bush administration looked the other way while California was being bilked and went to great lengths not to help California financially in any of the many ways the federal government can help.
M.D:to deceive someone
D.D:to cheat someone, especially by taking their money
Ex:He bilked us of all our money.

->Schwarzenegger had had a meeting with Ken Lay and other energy executives in spring 2001 when Lay was promoting deregulation, but denies any complicity in theft.
D.D:the act of being involved in a crime with other people

->Those kooky Californians
D.D:silly or crazy
Ex:He is so kooky that I don't want to be his friend.

legislature (n.)
.The context is thst Arnold will have to deal with a majority Democratic legislature.
.an institution that has the power to make or change laws, and whose member are usually elected.
.The California State Legislature has desided to change the law.

deregulate (v.)
.It hides the fact that energy deregulation was brought in by Republican governor Pete Wilson.
.to remove government rules and controls from some types of business activity.
.The government hopes deregulating the energy industry will create compitition.
mechanism (n.)
.The September 11 attacks gave the Bush administration a perpect mechanism for winning elections:...
.a system that is intended to achieve sth. or deal with a problem.
.The government has set up mechanism to help the victims in the earthquake.

trigger (n.)
.Fear triggers the strict father model; it tends to make the modle active in one's brain.
.the part of a gun that you press with your finger to fire it
.Jack pulled the trigger and shoot a guy on the street.

righteous (adj.)
....that they spontaneously, righteously, and overwhelming rose up and ousted him,...
.strong feelings of anger when you think a situation is not morally right or fair
.The cut of health insurance brought righteous anger from the citizens.

laundry list (n)

a list of a lot of different things
(original sentence)
By presenting a laundry list of issues, Davis and other Democrats fail to present a moral vision - a coherent identity with a powerful cultural stereotype - that defines the very identity of the voters they are trying to reach.
(my meaning)
The chairperson read out a laundry list of the agendas of the meeting.

rank-and-file (a)
*(n) the ordinary members of an organization rather than the leaders
(original sentence)
They don't explain why a lot of union rank-and-file members ignored their union's support of Davis and voted for Schwarzenegger against their self-interest.
(my meaning)
high position
He has worked for the company as a rank-and-file employee.

willful (a)
continuing to do what you want, even after you have told to stop
(original sentence)
Those children who remain dependent (who were spoiled, overly willful, or recalcitrant) should be forced to undergo further discipline or should be cut free with no support to face the discipline of the outside world.
(my meaning)
In the sushi restaurant, I saw a willful child who was continuing to order expensive sushi items.

taunt (v)
to try to make someone angry or upset by saying things that are not nice, or by laughing at their faults or failures
(original sentence)
It has been dropped by the Democrats but kept alive by the Republicans, who are using it to taunt and delegitimize Democrats.
(my meaning)
Everyone dislike him because he always taunts someone.

weird (adj): if you describe something or someone as weird, it means that they are strange
in Lakoff: "People in California are so weird that they voted a politically inexperienced bodybuilder-actor..."
ex: He is different. He is weird.

rampant (adj): if you describe something bad, such as a crime or disease, as rampant, it means that it is very common and is increasing in an uncontrolled way.
in Lakoff: "Framing was rampant in reporting in this election."
ex: Inflation is rampant and industry in decline.

spoil (verb): if you spoil something, you prevent it from being successful or satisfactory

in Lakoff: "Social programs "spoil" people, ..."
ex: It is important to do not let mistakes spoil your life.

Revolt (n)
p.35- The Voter Revolt frame legitimizes the recall.
d.d; N-VAR
A revolt is an illegal and often violent attempt by a group of people to change their country's political system.
[ex]Caroline revolted against her ballet training at sixteen.

Apparatus (n)
p.44- ...of failing to admit connections to Karl Rove and the national Republican appartus, and of misrepresenting the facts.
d.d; N-VAR : with supp
The apparatus of an organization or system is its structure and method of operation.
[ex]Our company apparatus is too weak to sucess our goal, so we should change it.

OS: The Kooky Californians frame says the recall was irrational, that Californians can¡¯t tell movies from reality, that a movie action hero can¡¯t govern a great state in trouble, that Arnie is a political incompetent, and that chaos will ensue.
MD: occur, happen with high probability
DD: to happen after something, especially as a result of it
MOS: The demolition of buildings ensued from harmful earthquakes.

OS: The very fact that Schwarzenengger got a strong plurality-and near majority- in the election is used as prima facie evidence that the Voter Revolt fame is the correct way to interpret the election.
MD: better point
DD: [C,U] the number of votes received by the winning person in an election where there are three or more people trying to be elected
MOS: Don¡¯t worry about this situation. You¡¯ll get more pluralities during this season.

Incompetent: (adj)

D.D: not having the skill or ability to do your job or a task as it should be done.
O.S: Davis was incompetent or corrupt.
M.D: incomplete
M.S: He is incompetent to love her

Deregulate (n)

D.D: to free a trade, a business activity, etc. from rules and controls.
O.S: It hides the fact that energy deregulation was brought in by Republican governor..
M.D: decrease
M.S: Government deregulate the rules about fare of bus

Impose (v)

D.D: to introduce a new law, rule, tax, etc; to order that a rule, punishment, etc. be used
O.S: Shwarzenegger¡¯s attempt to impose his own frame.
M.D: put
M.S: That policy only imposes tax on many people.


D.D: to become involved in something that does not concern you
O.S: Once grown, the self-reliant, disciplined children are on their own, and father is not to meddle in their lives.
M.D: interrupt
M.S: Don¡¯t meddle in my life anymore.

Inference n
Original sentence : frames come with inferences, so each frame implies something different.
My definition : inference is a conclusion that you draw about something by using information that you already have about it.
Dictionary definition : the reasoning involved in making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
My own sentence

dd:a very bad or dangerous situation that might get worse, especially in politics or ecnomics.
bs:it iignores the fact that yhere was no real enengy crisis.
ms:The economic crisis had made many people bank rupt at the time.

dd:strange,unfamiliar,or good
bs:what pecu;iar to california is Arnold and the culture of the movies.
ms:This peculiar experience has made me stronger enough to face difficulties in life.

dd:language used to persuade or influence people,especially by politicians.
bs:and orange alerts and other administration measures and rhetoric keep the terror frame active.
ms:politicians love to use rhetoric to manipulate citizans.

dd:expressed or considered in numbers
bs:and that the Democratic representatives in the legislature numerically represent more of "the people"than do the Republicans
ms:the Democrats held a numerically advantage to the Republicans.

n.1.complete freedom and power to govern
2.the power than an independent country has to govern itself
o.s:In foreign affairs the government should maintain its sovereignty and impose its moral authority everywhere it can,while seeking its self-interest

wake the wake of sth:if something,especially something bad, happens in the wake of an event, it happens afterward and usually as a result of it
o.s:In the wake of the election the Republicans have grabbed on to the Democrats' previous use of the Right-Wing Power Grab frame
m.s:Miseries follow in the wake of a war

recalcitrant (adjective)
O.S. Those children who remain dependent (who were spoiled, overly willful, or recalcitrant). (pp.41)
M.D. selfish
D.D. : refusing to do what you are told to do, even after you have been punished
M.S. The teacher was suffering from some recalcitrant students who always break the school rules.

prima facie: (adv)
Origin: ....used as a prima facie evidence
Guess: first evidence
Dictio: at first sight; based on what seems to be the truth when first seen or heard; accepted as so until proved example.
Sent: This result has not yet been proved, however let us use it as a prima facie theorem for our study.

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Blog Mi estancia en Berkeley (Summer Sessions 2005)

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